Duke Health

A study on enhancements to a current cocaine vaccine shows promise in blocking the drug’s “high.” A press release from Duke Health says a new ingredient added to a cocaine vaccine appears to enhance the vaccine’s ability to block the drug’s high. The vaccine is administered via nasal drops and helps the body’s immune system to create antibody responses against cocaine. Senior author of the study Herman Staats is a professor at Duke’s Department of Pathology.

Duke Health

A Duke Health study indicates a potential carcinogen is present in high levels in some e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco products. The study indicates that pulegone is contained in menthol and mint flavored e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products. Pulegone was banned last year by the U-S Food and Drug Administration as a food additive because of its carcinogenic properties. The agency, however, does not regulate the chemical’s presence in e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco.

A 25% cut in your daily caloric intake could cut your risk from some deadly ailments. A two-year Duke Health trial indicated cutting around 300 calories from your daily caloric intake reduced study participants risk for ailments such as diabetes and heart disease. A press release from Duke Health said that’s roughly the equivalent of eating six Oreo cookies. The study involved adults under age 50. While participants were asked to maintain the 25 percent daily calorie reduction, the average calorie reduction was actually about 12 percent.