Japanese filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki is renowned for creating enchanting worlds in his animated films.
For the first time outside of Japan, his work is being featured in a major retrospective at the brand-new Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles. This week, the organization that hosts the Oscars unveiled the museum devoted to cinema.
"He's a cinematic master," says the Academy Museum's chief artistic and programming officer Jacqueline Stewart, who just this week became a MacArthur Fellow and received their "genius" grant. "Miyazaki is an international filmmaker. We wanted to highlight somebody who really had global appeal and global impact. And one of the things that's really unique about his work, too, is that it actually does appeal to young people and older generations with equal passion and vision."
The 11,000-square-foot exhibition includes images of Miyazaki's big-eyed, innocent-looking children and creatures, flying castles, tree houses and lush forests. Visitors enter Miyazaki's enchanted world through an tunnel made of green fabric. It's meant to evoke a magical "tree tunnel" inhabited by mystical wood spirits, a portal featured in his animated film My Neighbor Totoro (1988). The tunnel leads to the first gallery room, where scenes from his 11 animated features are projected on the walls.
Also on display is a wooden desk from Miyazaki's animation studio, and many of his hand-drawn character sketches (he started off as a manga artist). There are storyboards and other material from his films such Princess Mononoke (1997), Kiki's Delivery Service (1989) and the Oscar-winning coming-of-age film Spirited Away (2001). Inside glass cases are Miyazaki's two Oscars statuettes.
Miyazaki has never before exhibited his work in the United States, and much of this material had never left Japan until now. David Rubin, the president of the Academy, says the filmmaker didn't immediately say yes to showing his work at the new museum. "He had to check it out. He had to his friends here to ask, 'is this for real?' There were a lot of our filmmaker members who spoke with him and said, 'You know, we will treat your work in a way that you would appreciate. We will honor your work. "
Jessica Niebel, the curator behind the Miyazaki exhibition, says she worked with the filmmaker's Studio Ghibli and the Ghibli Museum in Japan to gather all the materials. She says Miyazaki's animated characters are complex, with fully developed lives. "Miyazaki conveys the nuance behind his protagonist's intentions, and invites viewers to recognize the contradictions of human nature: to act responsibly, show respect and humility, and coexist with the environment."
Niebel calls Miyazaki's films "pure poetry" and says that viewers can get lost in the beautiful environments and landscapes he creates by interacting with a few of the exhibition's installations. "People want to go on a similar journey that his protagonists do," she says, "and we offer that similar experience to our visitors, to get lost in his films, and get lost in this exhibition."
Here are some of the highlights from the exhibition:
The "Mother Tree"
A giant tree stands between two of the Miyazaki galleries, with a fabricated wooden trunk that takes four people to hug. Strings and fiberglass strands hang from the ceiling, lit from above in neon green, giving it a magic glow from within where the character Totoro is supposed to be hiding. Painted on the museum walls are depictions of Miyazaki's kodama tree spirits from the film Princess Mononoke. They appear and disappear with light, making them appear as if they are floating.
Trees play an important role in many of Miyazaki's movies: Castle in the Sky, My Neighbor Totoro and Princess Mononoke, among others. Niebel says the the exhibition's designers wanted to include a tree in the exhibition to introduce the idea of the magical forest, "where we can come for purification, to find balance in our lives again and to get energized."
The curators also wanted to include the tree to create an immersive experience for museum visitors "where you just bump into this massive standalone tree and you can't avoid it, you kind of have to interact with it," Niebel says. "We try to invite visitors to think about the significance of trees in their lives."
She says that, in a subtle way, Miyazaki's films show that trees allow people to connect with the spiritual world — a kind of natural magic that exists in all his films. "Spirits can appear and disappear," she says. "And they herald special moments in his character's journeys."
On the museum walls, you can read a poem Miyazaki wrote for his film staff to better understand the sensibility of his characters.
Kodama Tree Spirits
By Hayao Miyazaki
Just when they seemed to appear
They tittered in laughter and have already disappeared
Just when they seemed to be walking at my feet
They were already in the duskiness far away, laughing
When spoken to, they run off in shyness
When ignored, they come close
You small children, children of the forest
Ah, to you this forest that you inhabit is so full of fun.
In the middle of another room of the Miyazaki exhibition, there is a sloped platform, covered with green carpeting that resembles a grassy knoll. Visitors are invited to lie down and look up at a round screen projecting a video of clouds drifting past.
Skyview, as the installation is called, was inspired by a scene in Kiki's Delivery Service, during which the protagonist Kiki is laying on the grass, looking up at the sky, watching the clouds. "It's just a peaceful moment where she is immersed in nature, but she makes a very important decision: to leave her parents that night after her 13th birthday and become a witch in training.," says curator Niebel. "These moments where everything slows down and nothing much happens, are very typical of Hayao Miyazaki's films."
Niebel says the installation offers visitors their own moment of quiet and solitude, to contemplate nature.
"Hayao Miyazaki's films are almost sensory in nature," she says. "You can almost feel a breeze. And when you lay down in the Skyview installation, you can almost feel the wind, you can sense the heat."
Like the entrance, the final section of the exhibition is another tree tunnel leading to the rest of the Academy Museum. It's a darkened hallway in which you can hear footsteps. They are meant to be those of the 10-year-old Chihiro Ogino (voiced by Rumi Hiiragi), as she leaves the realm of Spirited Away and returns to real life. In front of the final doorway is a smiling, small, rounded boulder, the "two-faced Stone Spirit" who wished her good luck on her adventure.
"We wanted to kind of indicate here that, yes, this is the end of the exhibition, but it shouldn't be the end of your journey," says Niebel. "So continue the journey. Feel inspired by Hayao Miyazaki's films, maybe even by this exhibition. "
MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:
Los Angeles has a new museum devoted to cinema presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which hosts the Oscars every year. As NPR's Mandalit del Barco reports, the Academy Museum's first temporary exhibition is a major retrospective of Japanese filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki.
MANDALIT DEL BARCO, BYLINE: Hayao Miyazaki is renowned for creating enchanting worlds in his animated films like the Oscar-winning "Spirited Away."
JACQUELINE STEWART: Miyazaki is an international filmmaker. He's a cinematic master.
DEL BARCO: Jacqueline Stewart is the Academy Museum's chief artistic and programming officer. She says this is the first time Miyazaki has had a major museum show in North America. The academy's CEO, Dawn Hudson, says the filmmaker had to be convinced to trust the new museum.
DAWN HUDSON: There was a lot of our filmmaker members who spoke with him and said, you know, we will treat your work in a way that you would appreciate. We will honor your work.
DEL BARCO: The 11,000-square-foot exhibition features scenes from Miyazaki's 11 animated features projected on the gallery walls. On display are his hand-drawn images of wide-eyed, innocent looking children and fantastical creatures, his flying castles, tree houses and lush forests. Curator Jessica Niebel worked with his animation company, Studio Ghibli, and the Ghibli Museum in Japan to recreate some of the filmmaker's magic.
JESSICA NIEBEL: A lot of people can get lost in Miyazaki-san's films. They want to go on a similar journey than his protagonists do, and we kind of wanted to offer that similar experience to our visitors.
DEL BARCO: The passageway into the exhibition is made of green fabric. It's meant to evoke the magical tree tunnel inhabited by mystical wood spirits, a portal featured in Miyazaki's 1988 film "My Neighbor Totoro."
To get into one of the galleries, visitors have to pass by an enormous installation called Mother Tree. It's lit in neon green, giving it a wondrous glow. It's meant to replicate the tree where the creature Totoro hides. Flashing on the walls are depictions of tree spirits from the film "Princess Mononoke." Here's curator Jessica Niebel again.
NIEBEL: Spirits can appear and disappear, and they herald special moments in his character's journeys.
DEL BARCO: An installation in another gallery offers visitors a moment of quiet contemplation. They're invited to lay face up on a slope platform covered with green carpeting. It resembles a grassy knoll with clouds drifting by on a video screen above. Sky View, as the feature's called, was inspired by a scene in the film "Kiki's Delivery Service."
NIEBEL: Kiki's laying down in the grass, looking up at the sky, and nothing much happens in that scene. It's just a peaceful moment where she's immersed in nature, but she makes a very important decision to leave her parents that night after her 13th birthday and become a witch in training. And these moments where everything slows down is very typical of Hayao Miyazaki's films.
DEL BARCO: Before the exit is another tree tunnel, a darkened hallway with the sound of footsteps. They're meant to be those of the 10-year-old protagonist of "Spirited Away" as she leaves the realm of the spirits and returns to real life.
NIEBEL: We wanted to end this journey on a note of hope and looking out into the future. Yes, this is the end of the exhibition, but it shouldn't be the end of your journey.
DEL BARCO: The Hayao Miyazaki retrospective continues at the Academy Museum through next June. Mandalit del Barco, NPR News, Los Angeles. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.