North Carolina last week became the 35th state to pass a law limiting female genital mutilation. The measure Gov. Roy Cooper signed into law becomes effective Oct. 1. The bill introduced in the Senate by Mecklenburg County state Senator Joyce Krawiec passed both chambers of the legislature with no members voting against it. Effective Oct. 1 the practice of female genital mutilation, or FGM, on those under the age of 18 will be a Class C felony punishable by a 44-to-182 month prison sentence. A press release from the organization End FGM Today says North Carolina ranks as 16th in the country for women and girls at risk for FGM. The World Health Organization and the United Nations view FGM as a human rights violation.