On a recent Saturday afternoon in an office in St. Paul, Minn., a flurry of calls went out to Native American and Latinos voters reminding them to vote Nov. 6. And there was a new group added to the list: Muslims.
Until last year, ISAIAH, a multi-racial coalition of faith communities in Minnesota, was mostly made up of churches. Now, 24 mosques have joined the voter turnout effort. The group is focused on getting communities of color to vote this year in reaction to what it describes as politics of fear and a rise of white nationalism.
With Muslims and immigrants used as boogeymen in political rhetoric, Imam Asad Zaman, executive director of the Muslim American Society of Minnesota, said, getting his community to the ballot box is vital. Zaman is leading the local Muslim effort to get out the vote and has been a leader on political engagement in the community for more than 15 years.
And there are more Muslims now running for office, hoping to be part of a "blue wave." In Minnesota, nine Muslims are on the ballot for state, federal and local offices.
"Many candidates running for office are using Islamophobia as a means to get to political power. That is absolutely un-American," Zaman said. "The community is under assault. Fortunately, most of us are beginning to wake up."
He points out that in Minnesota there are 50,000 registered Muslim voters. Though Muslims make up a small voting bloc — they're about one percent of the nation's population — those votes can matter in close elections. Many feel a renewed sense of urgency to choose leaders that will represent them.
"You have President Trump, even as a candidate and obviously after taking office," said Wa'el Alzayat the head of Emgage Foundation, "espousing anti-Muslim views and stoking Islamophobic sentiment and signing into law what we consider to be a Muslim ban that unfairly targets people of our faith."
Alzayat's organization works to increase Muslim political participation.
About two-thirds of Muslim voters identify as Democrats according to the Pew Research Center and about 13 percent as Republican.
This year Muslims could shift even more blue, Alzayat says. And while turnout is typically lower in mid-term elections than presidential ones, he says there are already signs that Muslims are planning to vote in bigger numbers this year.
In some key states they could have an outsized impact.
"What's interesting is that they are clustered in key areas including battleground states such as Virginia, Florida, Michigan, Ohio and especially in urban areas," Alzayat says. "So, for example you have about 120,000 registered Muslim voters in the state of Michigan. You have about 120,000 registered in Florida. You have about 100,000 registered in Virginia and those numbers really matter because in close elections ... just a few votes can make a difference let alone tens of thousands, if not 100,000."
Minnesota elected the first Muslim man to Congress in 2006, Keith Ellison. He is one of two Muslim men in Congress right now. And now the state is likely one of two sending the first Muslim women. The other is Michigan, where Democrat Rashida Tlaib won her primary and is expected to head to Congress.
Ilhan Omar is running for Ellison's seat. And Ellison is in a very tight race for attorney general. The Democrat's campaign has been clouded by domestic abuse allegations that Ellison denies and that his party investigated and said were unfounded. He's also running statewide for the first time and the state is less diverse then the district he currently represents.
Omar won her primary in a district that's gone to Democrats for more than 50 years.
She's petite but when she walks into a room, she owns it. On a recent afternoon she's giving a rallying speech to volunteers. When she's introduced, she's met with raucous applause.
"As an immigrant I truly believed when I was coming to this country that people had the tools necessary to life to live a life that is prosperous, that is just and free," she said. The audience murmured in agreement. "So every single day I am shocked with the hypocrisy of this country. That we are the wealthiest nation in the world. But we cannot figure out how to house our homeless people. We can't figure out how to feed our kids in the school system."
She'll be a lot of firsts if she makes it to Congress. The first refugee, the first Somali, the first Muslim woman. But that's not how she captured the enthusiasm of her mostly white district. She did it, she said, by talking directly to voters who share her values. The democratic socialist beat her closest opponent by over 20,000 votes.
"For me as an immigrant who didn't speak the language, when I would have struggles as a kid my dad would say 'once you are able to communicate with people, they're able to connect with you beyond your otherness,'" she said. "That is really the message I've carried throughout my life."
And it was the crux of her campaign, talking directly to voters who are like her and different than her. She says, she spends most of her time talking to people and doesn't depend on ads and fliers in the mail. The strategy worked, because Muslims or Somalis alone didn't win her the primary or her current seat in the state house.
"Seventy percent of the people I currently represent and the people that I will have the opportunity to represent in Congress are white," she said. "And you know nearly 90 percent of them are non-Muslims. And so it is important for me to get an opportunity to sit with folks, for them to have a discussion with me about their struggles and what's at stake."
She calls her politics, the politics of moral "clarity and courage." Her platform includes canceling student debt, banning private prisons, registering new voters automatically when they're 18, passing the End Racial and Religious Profiling Act.
And Somalis are particularly excited about her possible election to Congress. Minnesota is home to the largest Somali population in the country.
At Karmel Mall, known as the Somali mall, cafes serve cardamom and cinnamon spiced coffee with condensed milk, women's clothing stores hawk colorful loose fitting dresses and men get groomed at barber shops. One person after the next says they plan to vote and to vote for Ilhan Omar if they're in her district.
"I can't wait, to be honest," Kaltun Ali says. "For me it's personal to be honest. I am Somali and I am Muslim."
The respiratory therapist is shopping for curtains with her daughter Nayla. This year, since the election of President Trump, she says, she's been afraid.
"America became unsafe for us and very sad and racist and a lot of bigotry so I want to vote," she says. "I want to send my message that we have a voice."
Her words underscored by last month's shooting at a synagogue in Pittsburgh that killed 11 Jewish people and the shooting of two African-Americans at a grocery store in Kentucky. Last year, a Minnesota mosque was bombed.
"We are all American at the end of the day," Ali says. "If we're Somali versus white or any people versus another it's not safe for anybody."
DAVID GREENE, HOST:
Now, Muslims are a small percentage of the U.S. population, but they are playing a big role in some key races in this election. NPR's Leila Fadel reports that one of the places they're making an impact is Minnesota.
UNIDENTIFIED PERSON #1: Do you plan on voting early, absent or in person?
LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: On a recent afternoon at an office building in St. Paul, Minn., people are making calls to get out the vote. There's one table of phone bankers calling Native Americans, another reaching out to Latinos. And for the first time...
UNIDENTIFIED PERSON #2: Thank you guys for coming. I want to make sure give you signup sheets for...
FADEL: ...A group calling Muslims and asking them to vote. This is ISAIAH, a multiracial coalition of faith communities, and until last year, it was mostly churches, but this year, 24 mosques are involved. The focus - voter turnout in communities of color. Asad Zaman, a Muslim cleric from the area, is texting thousands of people from an iPad.
ASAD ZAMAN: Now more than ever it is critical that we vote our values and ensure politicians respect the dignity of every person.
FADEL: He points out there are 50,000 registered Muslim voters in Minnesota. Zaman is the executive director of the Muslim American Society of Minnesota. He says this year, with Muslims and immigrants used as bogeymen in political rhetoric, voting is vital.
ZAMAN: So the community is under assault. And fortunately most of us are beginning to understand that and are waking up.
FADEL: On November 6, the state may be one of two sending the first Muslim women to Congress. Here it's a Somali-American named Ilhan Omar.
UNIDENTIFIED PERSON #3: And we have Ilhan in the house, y'all.
ILHAN OMAR: We are stuck in a system that continuously is prioritizing profits over people.
FADEL: Omar is pumping up volunteers before they head out to knock on doors. Part of what's fascinated the country about Omar is that she embodies one idea of the American dream. She was a refugee who had to flee war-torn Somalia. Today she's an American, a Muslim and an immigrant who will likely take the House seat in this district that's gone Democrat for more than 50 years. She says when she came to the U.S. as a kid and struggled with English...
OMAR: My dad would say, once you are able to communicate with people, you know, they're able to connect with you beyond your otherness.
FADEL: So connecting with voters face to face that are like and unlike her is the crux of her campaign. Omar says that's what got her to the Statehouse and will likely take her to Congress.
OMAR: Because 70 percent of the people I currently represent and the people that I will have the opportunity to represent in Congress are white. And, you know, nearly 90 percent of them are non-Muslims.
FADEL: In the primary, she beat her closest opponent by more than 20,000 votes, and she captured a lot of that enthusiasm as a democratic socialist, especially among young people with a platform that includes banning private prisons and canceling student debt. She's running for Keith Ellison's seat, who served for 12 years and was the country's first Muslim congressman. Now he's running statewide for attorney general in a very tight race. In part it's tight because of a domestic abuse allegation that Ellison denies and his party investigated and says was unfounded. Minnesota is home to the largest Somali population in the country, and Ilhan Omar's run for office is exciting many.
KALTUN ALI: Actually, I can't wait to vote, to be honest. For me, it's personal. I'll be honest. I am Somali, and I am Muslim.
FADEL: That's Kaltun Ali, who's shopping for curtains. She says she's been afraid in recent years.
ALI: America became unsafe for us and very sad and racist and a lot of bigotry.
FADEL: Most Muslim voters lean Democrat, although some 13 percent lean Republican, and there are swing states where Muslims have larger political influence, says Wa'el Alzayat. He's at Emgage, which tries to raise political engagement among Muslims.
WA'EL ALZAYAT: About 120,000 registered Muslim voters in the state of Michigan. You have about 120,000 registered in Florida. You have about a hundred thousand registered in Virginia. And those numbers really matter in close elections.
FADEL: Alzayat already sees signs that Muslim turnout will be higher than in past midterms, a trend also showing up among young people and other minority communities. Leila Fadel, NPR News, Minneapolis. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.